## Objective:

To verify the mid-point theorem for a triangle.

### Theorem :

The line segment connecting the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and is congruent to one half of the third side.

### Basic concepts and facts

**1.Parallel Lines:**

Two lines are parallel if they do not meet at any point.

**2.Congruent Triangles:**

Two triangles are congruent if their corresponding angles and corresponding sides are equal.

**3.Similar triangles:**

Two triangles are similar if their corresponding angles equal and their corresponding sides are in proportion.

## Proof of theorem:

### Given in the figure A :

AP=PB, AQ=QC.

To prove:

PQ || BC and PQ=1/2 BC

Plan:

To prove ▲ APQ ≅ ▲ QRC

Proof steps:

- AQ=QC [midpoint]
- ∠ APQ = ∠QRC [Corresponding angles for parallel lines cut by an transversal].
- ∠PBR=∠QRC=∠APQ [Corresponding angles for parallel lines cut by an transversal].
- ∠RQC=∠PAQ [When 2 pairs of corresponding angles are congruent in a triangle, the third pair is also congruent.]
- Therefore , ▲APQ ≅ ▲QRC
- AP=QR=PB and PQ=BR=RC.

Since midpoints are unique, and the lines connecting points are unique, the proposition is proven.