Reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning. An individual's ability to comprehend text is influenced by their traits and skills, one of which is the ability to make inferences. If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read.
1. Monitor comprehension -
This tells the student what he has understood and what he has not.
Monitoring comprehension helps students in following ways :
2. ”Thinking about thinking” -
This in other words is also called as meta cognition.
This strategy helps in following ways :
3. Semantic and graphical organizers -
A graphic organizer, also known as knowledge map, concept map, story map, cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram, is a communication tool that uses visual symbols to express knowledge, concepts, thoughts, or ideas, and the relationships between them.
Some good examples for graphic organizers are :
1. Venn diagrams
2. Storyboard/Chain of Events
3. Story Map
4. Question answering -
This can help because it can :
5. Question generation -
Students learn if they are able to grasp the concept and what they are reading.
They learn to ask themselves questions that require thinking about more than one part of information and combine this information.