Centroid of a triangle

Objective:

To illustrate that the medians of a triangle concur at a point (called the centroid), which always lies inside the triangle.

Theory:

A centroid of a triangle is the point where the three medians of the triangle meet. A median of a triangle is a line segment from one vertex to the mid-point on the opposite side of the triangle.

The centroid is also called the center of gravity of the triangle. If you have a triangle plate, try to balance the plate on your finger. Once you have found the point where it will balance, that is the centroid of that triangle.

Properties of the centroid:

  • It is always located inside the triangle.
  • The centroid divides each median in a ratio of 2:1. In other words, the centroid will always be 2/3 of the way along any given median.
  • In below images, c is centroid for triangles(a, b & c).

         Acute-angled(a)                         Right-angled(b)                             Obtuse-angled(c)

 

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